Five Levels of Collaboration and Their Characteristics
(Frey et al., 2006)

1. Networking

  • Aware of organization
  • Loose roles
  • No communication between members
  • Independent decisions


2. Cooperation

  • Provide information to each other when asked
  • Roles with some definition
  • Formal communication
  • Independent decisions

3. Coordination

  • Freely share information and resources
  • Defined roles
  • Frequent Communication
  • Some share decision making

4. Coalition

  • Share ideas
  • Share resources
  • Frequent and prioritized communication
  • All members are part of decision making tasks

5. Collaboration

  • All members have a sense of belonging, a vision, and specific goals.
  • Frequent Communication
  • Mutual Trust
  • Consensus decision making

What makes a good meeting?
1) Have a purpose for your meeting
2) Stick to the agenda
3) Set time limits
4) Ensure all people participate
5) Make sure to start and end on time
6) Distribute the minutes

What makes a bad meeting?  Watch video

Tips and Tools
For each characteristic of a good meeting, share tools and tips.
Examples are below:
Purpose/Agenda Agenda
Focus Norms
Reminder plan
Focus Questions
Efficient Times on agenda
Parking Lot
Google article (below)
Tech tools
All Participate Protocols
Pre-meeting expectations
Collaborative agenda
Follow-Up Action Put it in print
Results Data


Fishbowl Activity:

Teachers will participate in/observe a collaborative planning session.

Collaborative agenda- Pre-K
Collaborative agenda- 3rd Grade

Debrief after Fishbowl Activity

Resources for collaborative planning:
Connecting using google docs